Department of Public Health & Preventive Medicine: Menu

Disease Burden
Epidemics

  • Epidemics are Public Health emergencies. 

  • Infectious diseases are major causes of morbidity and mortality.
  • The Director of Public Health and Preventive Medicine declared following diseases as notifiable diseases. Click Here to have details of Notifiable Diseases

Control for Communicable Diseases :

  • The control of communicable diseases is one of the major programmes under the Primary Health Care services, especially for the disease occurring in ep
    S.No Diseases S.No Diseases
    1 Cerebrospinal fever 11 Typhoid/Enteric Fever
    2 Chicenpox 12 Tuberculosis
    3 Diptheria 13 Infectious Hepatitis
    4 Leprosy 14 Epidemic influenza
    5 Cholera 15 Whooping cough
    6 Measles 16 Virus Encephalitis
    7 Plague 17 Haemorragic fever
    8 Rabies 18 Malaria
    9 Scarlet fever 19 Tetanus
    10 Smallpox 20 Poliomyelitis
    21 AIDS

    idemic forms. 

  • Acute Diarrhoeal Diseases and suspected cholera are common among the water borne diseases.  Tamil Nadu is endemic for Acute Diarrhoeal Diseases with sporadic outbreak of cholera in most of the districts throughout the year, and in epidemic proportions during the rainy seasons and peak summer periods. 
  • All the District Level officials and executive authorities of local bodies take necessary preventive measures including proper disposal of solid wastes and maintain sanitation and hygiene chlorinate all water sources and undertake fly control measures.

The following are the details of cases and deaths due to the ADD/Cholera in Tamil Nadu.


Year
Acute Diarrhoeal Diseases Cholera
Cases Deaths CFR Cases Deaths CFR
1997 78025 520 0.67 2261 2 0.09
1998 77677 368 0.47 1807 0 0.00
1999 74583 266 0.36 1807 1 0.06
2000 64130 195 0.30 1328 1 0.05
2001 59511 159 0.27 1110 1 0.09
2002 69889 199 0.28 1591 3 0.19
2003 58784 66 0.11 390 1 0.26
2004 77333 119 0.15 1500 2 0.13
2005 70465 65 0.09 777 1 0.13
2006 52555 22 0.04 152 1 0.66
2007 37556 19 0.05 212 0 0.00
2008 57463 62 0.11 994 0 0.00
2009 87207 21 0.02 826 0 0.00
2010 60314 45 0.07 932 1 0.1
2011 206669 24 0.01 580 0 0
2012 198317 17 0.01

516 0 0
2013

189288 24 0.01 146 0 0.00
2014

176795 6 0.00

18 0 0.00
2015

183868 0 0.00

26 0 0
January 2016 12469 0 0.00

0 0 0
February 2016 12704 0 0.00

3 0 0
March 2016 16215 0 0.00

0 0 0
April 2016 13501 0 0.00

0 0 0
May 2016 15312 0 0.00

0 0 0
June 2016 28974 0 0.00

0 0 0
July 2016 18192 0 0.00

0 0 0
August 2016 14198 0 0.00

1 0 0
September 2016 15668 0 0.00

0 0 0
October 2016 11790 0 0.00

0 0 0
November 2016 12143 0 0.00

0 0 0
  • The National Institute of Communicable Diseases, a premier Institution of the Director General of Health Services, Government of India, provide necessary technical support to the State and districts (Dharmapuri and Madurai) in the area of Man Power Training, Communication equipment's facilities and setting up of Laboratory services.

NATIONAL SURVEILLANCE PROGRAMME FOR COMMUNICABLE DISEASES IN  TAMILNADU

The objective of the programme is capacity building at District, Regional and State levels for disease surveillance and appropriate response to early warning signals of outbreaks of communicable diseases. The programme will be implemented by the state health authorities through the existing health infrastructure and surveillance system strengthened through training of the medical and paramedical personnel, upgradation of laboratories, communication and data processing systems.

National Surveillance Programme For Communicable Diseases has been launched in two  Revenue districts,   Dharmapuri and Madurai during 1998-1999 in Tamil Nadu as per the guidelines of Government of India.

The above   two districts have been selected by the Govt. of India based on the incidence of Dengue in Dharmapuri District and Leptospirosis in   Madurai District.

As per the instructions of the NICD, Govt. of India, the following districts have been proposed under this programme for the years 2000-2001 and 2001-2002.   The total No. of Revenue  districts under this programme will be five   in Tamil Nadu.

            1.   1998-99       1)  Dharmapuri,  2) Madurai   (already implemented)
            2.   2000-01       1) Coimbatore    2) Salem
            3.   2001-02       1)Villupuram

Industrial Hygiene and Health

The Water Analysis Laboratories established at Chennai and Coimbatore collect and examine water samples from various protected water sources to control pollution and contamination of drinking water.  These laboratories also assist the Tamil Nadu pollution control board in examining the samples of Industrial wastes and conduct field surveys to ensure the prevention and control of environmental and industrial pollution.

Air pollution surveys are also carried out around the industries to asses air quality.  Efforts are also taken for abatement of nuisance and classifying the industrial and residential areas.


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