of Medical and Rural Health Services
object of hospital services organised in India during the early
years of British rule was to cater mainly to the needs of the British
army and the British Civilian population.
Medical Department was organised on a regular basis in 1786.
the year 1875 a Medical Rule was set up and Department of Sanitation
and Vaccination was brought under the Control of Medical Department.
Medical Department was then Headed by Surgeon
General. In 1919 the post of Director of
Public Health has been created and the department has been bifurcated.
1922 Public Health and Medical Services were separated at all levels.
Public Health Department was formed in the year 1923 for the
prevention and control of communicable diseases and for the
improvement of General Health Conditions in the State.
the year 1947 the post of Surgeon General who was fully in charge of
Indian Medical Department was redesignated as Director of Medical
Services for Madras State.
ESI Scheme was framed in according with the provision of the ESI act
1948 and was first inaugurated in Tamil Nadu in 1955
1956 Family Welfare Programme was taken up by this Department to
promote the Health of the People particularly Mothers and Children.
1966 a new department was created to attend Medical Education.
the Year 1970 the Directorate of Indian Medicine was formed
which was under the control of Director of Medical Services.
1982 the Drug Control Administration has become an independent Department.
1983 the Directorate of Family Welfare was disintegrated from the
Directorate of Medical Services and Family Welfare for better
co-ordination and implementation of Family Welfare Programme
the year 1999 the Directorate of Medical Services was bifurcated and
a separate Directorate to look after the implementation of the ESI
Scheme was formed on 1.1.1999.
the Department of Medical Services which was a huge composite
Department at the time of inception has decade by decade paved way
for organisation of various separate Departments for better
administration and from 1.1.99 onwards, this Department namely the
Department of Medical and Rural Health Services is being entrusted
with the responsibility of rendering Medical Care services to the
public through the Non-Teaching Medical Institutions.
the pursuit of various policies and Programmes, the Department is
aiming to translate the Alma Alta Declaration of
to reality. The reduction in Infant Mortality Rate, Maternal
Mortality Rate, Crude Death Rate and Crude Birth Rate come through
the services of the Medical Institutions under the Control of this Department.
Department of Medical and Rural Health Services is rendering Medical
Services through the grid of 25 District Head Quarters Hospitals, 162
Taluk Hospitals, 79 Non Taluk Hospitals, 12 Dispensaries and 11
Mobile Medical Units, besides 23 District T.B. Centres, 5 T.B.
Hospitals and 2 TB Clinics and 1 Leprosy Hospital are under the
control of this Department.