on Pre-Natal Diagnostic Technique regulation and prevention of
mis-use Act 1994 in Tamil Nadu.
Diagnostic Techniques (Regulation & Prevention of Misuse) Act
1994 of Government of India was published by a Gazette Notification
on 20th September 1994.
Act came into force in Tamil Nadu with effect from 01.01.1996 by a
Gazette Notification published on 21.12.1995.
press Notification was published inviting registration under the Act
by those who are engaged in Genetic Counselling and other related
activities. However it did not evoke much response.
order to enforce the Act more effectively the Government of Tamil
Nadu constituted a State Advisory Committee by a Government Order
vide G.O.MS No.66 Health dated 06.02.1996.
was also notified in the Government Gazette. In G.O. Ms.
No.431, Health dated 31.07.1996 the State Government also ordered the
constitution of District Advisory Committee.
State level the Director of Medical and Rural Health Services has
been nominated as the Appropriate Authority to implement the Act.
District level the Joint Director of Health Services of the district
concerned has been nominated as Appropriate Authority with members.
G.O.Ms.No.431, Health dt.31.7.98, the Government have issued orders
constituting District Advisory Committees to advice on implementation
of Pre-Natal Diagnostic Techniques (Regulation & Prevention of
Misuse) Act 1994.
Joint Director of Health Services of the Districts who are the
Appropriate Authority and convenors of the Advisory Committees were
instructed to convene the meeting of the Advisory Committees and to
take suitable action for implementation of the Act.
the Joint Director of Health Services have been constituted
the Advisory Committee along with a Woman activist nominated in
consultation with the District Collector concerned.
the recent press release, the Government have also warned the
Doctors who are found indulging in malpractices regarding sex
determination are also liable to lose their registration for Medical practice.
Government have also warned that offences under the Act such as non-registration
and misusing the equipments to disclose the sex of the foetus are
punishable as cognizable, non-bailable and non-compoundable offences
punishable upto 3 years of imprisonment and fine upto
Rs.50,000/-. These equipments (Scan) are strictly to be used
for diagnostic purpose only.
CLINICAL ESTABLISHMENT ACT
Tamil Nadu the Private Sector Hospitals are well developed.
range from small clinics to 800 bedded multi specially corporate hospitals.
are situated throughout the State in all regions but more in thickly
populated and afflient Districts like Chennai, Coimbatore, Madurai,
Trichy etc and less in economically backward districts like
Dharmapuri, Ramanathapuram and also in remote areas like hills etc.
there is no exact statistics of their numbers and sizes, it is
roughly estimated that there are more than 30,000 medical
practitioners in Tamil Nadu excluding 10,000 Doctors in Tamil Nadu
60% of the outpatient services, 40% of inpatients services and about
60% of laboratory services are provided by the private sector.
The private sector hospitals can be classified into:-
Tamil Nadu Government had enacted an Act known as " Tamil Nadu
Private Clinical Establishment Act 1997 " and which come into
force from April 1997.
were several rounds of talks between the Representatives of Doctors
Associations and the Government. The Doctors were insisting
that the accrediation Council shall consist of only among themselves
and no official shall be given any power in the committee which was
not acceptable to Government. However a consensus is now
developed and the Association has agreed to most of the points
putforth by the Government.
NADU STATE ILLNESS ASSISTANCE SOCIETY:
a view to render assistance to the economically downtrodden people
and suffering life threatening illnessess T.N.S.I.A.S. has been
formed under the Chairmanship of Secretary to Government, Health and
Family Welfare Department.
of Medical Services is the Member Secretary.
the Scheme, Government General Hospital Chennai, Government Stanley
Medical College, Chennai Government Rajaji Hospital, Madurai,
Tirunelveli Medical College Hospital, Tirunelveli and Kikpauk Medical
College Hospital, Chennai etc., have been notified as surgery
performing institutions for the provisions of TNSIAS.
funds for scheme are provided by a State and Centre on a 1:2
basis. So far, 15 crores had been released under the scheme.