|PUBLIC-PRIVATE PARTNERSHIP FOR SAFE DRINKING WATERA public-private partnership (PPP) for safe drinking water was officially launched in New York at the United Nations’ Commission on Sustainable Development Meeting. The objective of the Safe Drinking Water Alliance is to develop innovative approaches for ensuring the safety of drinking water. USAID, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health/Center for Communication Programs (CCP), CARE, Population Services International and Procter and Gamble joined forces to leverage their expertise and resources to better understand behaviors related to household water treatment, to share knowledge gained and identify opportunities for scaling up safe drinking water efforts.The Safe Drinking Water Alliance will receive $1.4 million over the next 18 months from USAID through USAID’s Global Development Alliance.(Source: USAID Health: News/Info)|
|USAID TO INVEST IN $70 MILLION HYGIENE AND SANITATION INITIATIVEDr. Anne Peterson, USAID Assistant Administrator of the Bureau for Global Health, announced a new hygiene and sanitation improvement initiative during a meeting of the 12th session of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development in New York, April 14-30, 2004.USAID plans to invest $70 million over a nine-year period on targeted health programs aimed at the prevention of diarrheal diseases, a leading killer of vulnerable populations, including approximately 2 million children under five every year.”Hygiene and sanitation have long been neglected, yet critical elements of public health,” Dr. Peterson said. “In the face of the growing AIDS pandemic, we have more reasons to be really serious about clean water, improved hygiene and sanitation. Through our efforts and those of our partners, USAID intends to reduce the suffering and death associated with diarrheal disease worldwide.”Building on its previous health program experience in water supply, sanitation and hygiene, USAID’s new initiative will focus on bolstering key hygiene practices that are proven effective in diarrhea prevention–safe storage, handling, and disinfection of household drinking water; effective handwashing; and improved sanitation.(Source: USAID Washington DC, Press Release|
|IMPROVING SMALL TOWN SANITATION IN JAMAICA — A SUCCESS STORYSanitation in small towns is a growing and important problem, and very few small towns in Latin America have managed to provide sustainable sanitation services. This can be due to a lack of demand for sanitation, an inadequate policy framework, and limited institutional capacity to effectively manage sanitation systems. With support from USAID’s Latin America and the Caribbean Bureau, Office of Regional Sustainable Development (LAC/RSD), EHP developed a 10-step methodology to be used in sustainable small town sanitation plans development.This methodology was field-tested in Jamaica with funding from USAID/Water Team. White Horses——a small town in Jamaica——was identified by the Jamaican Ministry of Water and Housing (MOWH) and USAID/Jamaica for the field testing. White Horses was already slated to receive water under the IADB funded Rural Water Project (RWP), but the perception was that an improved water supply system without the inclusion of proper sewer and sanitation systems was not likely to bring about maximum health and sanitation benefits.The field test resulted in the development of the White Horses Sanitation Plan. Through a series of dissemination workshops, the Plan served as a basis to seek further funding needed for implementation, construction of the identified sanitation systems and training of the White Horses community to operate and maintain the sanitation systems. Recently, USAID/Jamaica succeeded in leveraging more funds from other donors——the Environmental Foundation of Jamaica and the UN Environment Program——in addition to in-kind labor from a committed community.White Horses Sanitation Plan is an example of a success story initiated by USAID investment in an innovative methodology for small-town sanitation that influenced other donor investment and community interest and commitment.In addition to Jamaica, the methodology was also field tested in Ecuador and Panama. For more information, email Eduardo Perez at [email protected].For further reading, see the following:Strategic Report 3. Improving Sanitation in Small Towns in Latin America and the Caribbean — Practical Methodology for Designing a Sustainable Sanitation Plan (http://www.ehproject.org/PDF/Strategic_papers/StrategicReport3-English.pdf )EHP Brief 24. Improving Small Town Sanitation in Jamaica — A Success Story (http://www.ehproject.org/PDF/EHPBriefs/EHPB24.pdf)For more information or a hard copy of either publication, contact [email protected].|
|WORKSHOP ON PARTICIPATORY COMMUNITY HEALTH ENQUIRY HELD IN INDORE, INDIAA new report from EHP delineates the processes followed by, and the principles and findings that emerged from, a ten-day workshop on Participatory Community Health Enquiry. The workshop was held March 20-30, 2003, in Indore, India, with the NGO-CBO partners implementing the USAID EHP Urban Child Health Program. The purpose of the workshop was to enhance the program partners’ skills in: (1) conducting a participatory community enquiry with accurate triangulation and reporting of findings; (2) outlining and documenting a process through which a community takes ownership of the program objectives and processes; (3) prioritizing interventions based on community needs; and (4) planning subsequent actions. The workshop was designed specifically to guide urban health programs in the slums of Indore with limited access to and availability of health care facilities.For further reading, see the following:Activity Report 127: Participatory Community Health Enquiry and Planning in Selected Urban Slums of Indore, Madhya Pradesh and A Field Guide for Community Facilitators of PCHEP (http://www.ehproject.org/PDF/Activity_Reports/AR-127%20India%20Report%20and%20Field%20Guide.pdf|
|STATUS OF INSECTICIDE RESISTANCE OF MALARIA, KALA-AZAR AND JAPANESE ENCEPHALITIS VECTORS IN BBINBangladesh, Bhutan, India, and Nepal (BBIN) are endemic in malaria, kala-azar (KA), and Japanese encephalitis (JE). Transmitted through mosquito and sandfly vectors, these diseases have a high prevalence at border areas and are involved in cross-border transmission between these countries. The use of insecticides for vector control of these diseases will continue to play a major role in the programs of disease control.For further reading, see the following:Activity Report 129. Status of Insecticide Resistance of Malaria, Kala-azar and Japanese Encephalitis Vectors in Bangladesh, Bhutan, India and Nepal (BBIN) (http://www.ehproject.org/PDF/Activity_Reports/AR-129%20Status%20Insect%20Format.pdf)For more information or a hard copy, contact [email protected].|
|EHP BRIEF OUTLINING THE WEST AFRICA WATER INITIATIVE AVAILABLEThe West Africa Water Initiative (WAWI) was launched in late 2001. WAWI is a global partnership of fourteen institutions working together to provide potable water supply, sanitation, hygiene and integrated water resource management activities in Ghana, Mali and Niger. Following a WAWI Partners’ meeting in December 2002, USAID was requested to play a lead/coordinating role to develop a WAWI monitoring and evaluation (M&E) plan. EHP was asked to develop the M&E plan and in particular to select a core set of indicators to measure progress toward WAWI’s four objectives.For further reading, see the following publications, which are available on the EHP website:EHP Brief 23. Monitoring and Evaluation Plan for the West Africa Water Initiative (http://www.ehproject.org/PDF/EHPBriefs/EHPB23.pdf)Activity Report 124. West Africa Water Initiative (WAWI) Monitoring and Evaluation Plan, Program Framework and Indicators (http://www.ehproject.org/PDF/Activity_Reports/AR%20124%20WAWI%20M&E.pdf)For more information or a hard copy of either publication, contact [email protected].|
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